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Liver Problem: Symptoms and Causes

The liver is a vital organ of your digestive system that executes several crucial chores. It is accountable for producing bile, throwing out intoxicants from your blood, help you digest fat, and performs many other vital functions. However, your liver can undergo several liver problems, if not properly taken care of. This can direct to life-threatening problems. Various causes give rise to liver problems and reiterated damage can oversee scarring. Unfortunately, liver problem symptoms are difficult to get diagnosed as it emerges when the liver damage becomes advanced. However, there are early signs of liver problems that can be looked up to. This article focuses on liver problem symptoms, its causes, prevention, and treatment.

Liver problem symptoms and early signs:

Liver problem symptoms alter among different people and also relies on its causes. Here is a list of a few common liver problem symptoms that can be related to some type of severe disease.

Dark urine, yellowish skin and eyes:

This is a very common liver problem symptom. Typically, yellowish skin and eyes are a symptom of jaundice which is caused when the liver function gets disrupted. Jaundice may suggest a major problem with the function of your liver, gallbladder, or pancreas.

Pale and black stools are most likely liver problem symptoms:

Stools happen to be dark because of the bile salts that your liver discharges. If the stool is black or pale in color, it may reflect some problems with your liver or any other part of your body’s drainage system. Black stools can be a sign of advanced liver diseases that should get treated instantly. So pale and black stools is a major liver problem symptoms.

Itchy skin and easily bruising:

Another liver problem symptom is that you may have itchiness on your skin and bruise easily. This happens due to your liver’s reduced ability to elicit clotting factors.

Fatigue and tiredness:

There is no reason found by the doctors why liver damage exhibits symptoms of fatigue and tiredness. However, most people having liver problems complaints of fatigue and tiredness so it is apparently a common liver problem symptom.

Nausea and vomiting:

Nausea is caused because of the build-up of toxins in your bloodstream. It can be a liver problem symptom as the liver functions in filtering out toxins. So feeling nauseous may suggest a vital problem with your liver function.

Swollen abdomen, legs, and ankles:

When the fluid processed in the liver is conserved, it results in a swollen abdomen, legs, and ankles. This can be a problem related to the functioning of the liver.

Other than these liver problem symptoms, there are symptoms like loss of appetite, pain in the abdomen, etc.


Causes of liver problems:


Viruses can cause inflammation that can have a critical consequence on your liver function. Common types of liver infections are caused by hepatitis viruses are hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. These viruses can cause liver damage and give birth to prominent liver problems. They are generally transmitted through blood or contaminated food or water and is also contagious.


Fat Buildup:

Fatty liver disease is caused by fat buildup in your liver. Fatty liver disease can damage your liver and even lead to liver failure. Excess alcohol consumption can also be a factor of fatty liver diseases. A liver disease called hepatic steatosis is also caused due to fat build-up because of excessive drinking. Hepatic steatosis liver disease symptoms include fatigue, unexplained weight loss, discomfort in the area of the liver.


Abnormality of the immune system:

This is a condition in which your liver attacks healthy cells in your body. In a condition called autoimmune hepatitis, your immune system attacks your liver and causes serious damage. If this condition is not treated, it may lead to liver failure and cirrhosis.



A genetic condition that you inherit from your parents can also affect your liver. In diseases like Hemochromatosis that causes your body to store more iron than it needs. So your liver stores iron and this can lead to severe liver damage, if not treated within time.


Risk factors:

Risk factors of developing any type of liver problem include being obese, sharing needles, having a family history of liver diseases, exposure to toxins, having high cholesterol or diabetes, sexual intercourse without protection, taking supplements in large amount, heavy drinking, etc.


Prevention and treatment of liver problems:

Liver problems are chronic but can be managed with certain changes in lifestyle along with medication. Lifestyle changes include drinking more water, limiting alcohol, maintaining a healthy weight, and specifically consuming good food for the liver which includes plenty of fiber, fruits like grapes, blueberries, and no sugar and fatty foods. Also getting vaccinated can reduce the risk of contracting hepatitis.

The food good for the liver also depends on the condition of your liver problem. Your doctor can recommend god foods accordingly. You may also need medical treatment, and your doctor may prescribe antiviral drugs to treat hepatitis, some antibiotics, steroids to reduce liver inflammation, and other medications for other problems. Surgery is the last option considered for the treatment of the ulcers



Liver problems can be life-threatening. It’s best to know the early signs of liver problems so that you can get treated in time. Liver problem symptoms may seem civil but unfortunately, they show only when the problem is advanced. If you notice any of these signs and symptoms, you should immediately seek medical attention and get yourself treated. Although the liver problems are chronic they can be managed with a good lifestyle and a healthy diet.


What are the signs that your liver is not working properly?

The signs and symptoms that your liver is not working properly are easy bruising, abdominal pain, swollen abdomen, legs, and ankles, pale and black stools, fatigue and tiredness, Nausea and vomiting, yellow eyes and skin, etc.

How do I make my liver healthy again?

Certain lifestyle changes and healthy habits can help you in recovering from liver diseases. Consuming fiber-rich foods, drinking plenty of water, including fruits and vegetables in the diet is good for your liver.


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