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Lyme disease: Causes, symptoms, and treatment you should not ignore

 

What  Is Lyme Disease?

 

A bacterial infection causes Lyme disease. When a black-legged tick, also known as a deer tick, bites you and remains attached for 36 to 48 hours, you get it. If you remove the tick within 48 hours, you are unlikely to become infected.

 

When you become infected, the bacteria enter your bloodstream and affect various tissues throughout your body. Suppose Lyme disease is not treated early on. In that case, it can progress to an inflammatory condition affecting multiple systems, beginning with your skin, joints, and nervous system and progressing to organs later.

 

The likelihood of contracting Lyme disease from a tick bite is determined by the type of tick, where you were when it bit you, and how long the tick was attached to you. Living in the Northeastern United States makes you more likely to contract Lyme disease. The upper Midwest is also a hotbed of activity. However, the condition is now present in all 50 states and the District of Columbia.

 

Lyme disease causes 

 

Lyme disease causes in the United States by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii, which are primarily transmitted by black-legged or deer ticks. Lyme disease causes Young brown ticks that are frequently no bigger than a poppy seed, making them difficult to detect.

 

To get Lyme disease, you must be bitten by an infected deer tick. The bacteria enter your skin via the bite and eventually enter your bloodstream.

 

In most cases, a deer tick must be attached for 36 to 48 hours to transmit Lyme disease. If you find a swollen attached tick, it may have fed long enough to transmit bacteria. Remove the tick as soon as possible to avoid infection.

 

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Lyme Disease?

Symptoms can appear anywhere between 3 and 30 days after the bite. Depending on the stage of your infection, they may appear differently. In some cases, symptoms do not appear until months after the edge.

 

Early signs and symptoms include:

 

  • Fever\sChills
  • Headache
  • Muscle and joint pain Fatigue
  • Lymph nodes swollen
  • All of these symptoms are also common in people who have the flu. A rash is usually one of the first symptoms of a Lyme infection.

 

Symptoms can worsen if not treated. They could include:

 

  • A severe headache or stiffness in the neck
  • Other parts of your body may have rashes.
  • Arthritis is characterized by joint pain and swelling, particularly in the knees
  • Face “drooping” on one or both sides
  • An unsteady heartbeat
  • Brain and spinal cord inflammation
  • Hand or foot tingling, numbness, or shooting pains

 

chronic Lyme disease symptoms

  • Severe headaches and stiffness in the neck.
  • Other parts of the body have EM rashes as well.
  • Palsy of the face (loss of muscle tone or droop on one or both sides of the face)
  • Arthritis is characterized by severe joint pain and swelling, especially in the knees and other large joints.
  • Tendon, muscle, joint, and bone pain that comes and goes.

 

Lyme disease treatment 

 

Your health practitioner will diagnose you primarily based on your signs and symptoms and whether you’ve been exposed to a tick. They may also run a blood test. The look can be wrong in the first few weeks of contamination because antibodies take some weeks to reveal up.

 

Hopefully, there may be checks that could diagnose Lyme ailment within the first few weeks after you’re uncovered. The more you get handled, the less likely it’ll get worse.

 

Antibiotics may be prescribed for 10 to a few weeks when you have an early-degree Lyme ailment. Amoxicillin, cefuroxime, and doxycycline are the maximum common. Your contamination will nearly constantly be cured via means of antibiotics. If they do no longer, you will be given antibiotics via means of mouth or as a shot.

 

If you no longer deal with your Lyme ailment, you could require oral antibiotics to deal with signs and symptoms, which include weakened face muscular tissues and abnormal heartbeat. You could need antibiotics if you’ve got meningitis, infection to your mind and spinal cord, or excessive coronary heart problems.

 

If your Lyme disease treatment is advanced, your health practitioner can also prescribe antibiotics orally or intravenously. If it causes arthritis, you’ll be handled for it.

 

There is not any Lyme disease treatment available post-treatment.

 

Who is most likely to contract Lyme disease?

Lyme disease is most common in boys under 15 and men between 40 and 60. They enjoy outdoor activities such as camping, hunting, and hiking.

 

Some people believe that Lyme disease is less common in older teens and men in their twenties because those groups are more likely to be inside and on a computer. Similarly, they may be more common in older adults because they tend to work in their backyards, where most Lyme infections occur.

 

Lyme disease in dogs

In dogs, Lyme disease can manifest itself in various ways, but the most common symptoms are lameness, swollen lymph nodes, joint swelling, fatigue, and loss of appetite. Furthermore, Lyme disease has been linked to severe kidney complications in dogs.

 

FAQs

 

Q.1 What is Lyme disease in humans?

Ans. A bacterial infection causes Lyme disease contracted through the bite of an infected tick. Lyme disease typically begins with symptoms such as a rash, fever, headache, and fatigue. However, if the contamination isn’t dealt with promptly, it can unfold on your joints, heart, and nervous system. Prompt remedies can be a resource for your recovery.

 

Q.2 Can you die from Lyme disease?

Ans. If left untreated, the contamination can unfold and motivate secondary pores, skin lesions, cranial neuropathy, lymphocytic meningitis, radiculoneuritis, atrioventricular block, and oligoarthritis. However, withinside the United States, Lyme disorder is hardly ever mentioned as a motive for death.

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