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Migraine| Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and Prevention)

Migraine is one of the problems that trigger 12% of the world’s population. It is the third most triggered health problems in the world. About 10 million people in India are sufferers of migraines. People usually call it a headache but the people who suffer from this know that it is much more than a simple headache.

A migraine is a primary headache condition that is accompanied by a throbbing and acute pain usually on one side of the head. Migraine can be chronic and could last for years or could be lifelong.

Symptoms of migraine

A severe headache is sometimes accompanied by various symptoms that differentiate a migraine from normal headaches.
Such symptoms are:

  •  Nausea
  •  Vomiting
  • Numbness or tingling in the face, legs, or arms
  • Pain in the eyes
  • Sensitivity to all five senses i.e. touch, smell, vision, taste, and hearing.
  •  Strong pain in only one side of the head.
  • Dizziness

Causes of migraine

Migraines are believed to be caused by changes in the chemicals of the brain. A decrease in the Serotonin( good mood chemical of the brain) contracts the blood vessels making them narrow which can further lead to migraine symptoms .Simultaneous contraction and dilation in  blood vessels cause headaches. Various factors trigger the migraine problem in people.

 Hormonal triggers :

Fluctuating levels of the hormonal changes in men as well as women are one of the major factors behind migraine. In women, such factors
are caused during or after their menstrual cycle. Thus making them more prone to hormonal triggers.

 Emotional triggers:

Stress, anxiety, frustration, shock, and excitement is all the emotions that can bring up the problem of migraine.

 Physical triggers

Tiredness, poor posture, tension, Blood sugar levels, traveling, and menopause are the other physical factors that trigger the migraine problem.

 Dietary triggers

Lack of food, dehydration, Irregular eating, Drinking alcohol, and smoking also causes the the problem of migraine.

 Environmental triggers

Bright lights, flickering screen, severe heat climate changes, loud noise, the smoggy the environment can also cause migraine in a few
people.

How to cure Migraine?

Migraine attacks cannot be cured however treatment can be done so that they can appear less especially with less severity.
Usually, the treatment plan depends on the following factors:

  • Age
  •  Types of Migraine and their occurrence
  •  Intensity and duration of pain
  •  Symptoms
    Before the treatment, doctors conduct some of the basic diagnosis. MRI and CT scan are such methods that are used to diagnose migraine.
  •  Some pain relief medications and preventive medications are given to the patient of migraine.
  •  To counter the migraine, medications including analgesics(Aspirin, Naproxen, Ibuprofen, Caffeine). NSAIDs, or a combination of these are given to the patient.
  • Trip tans are also given to some of the patients with severe symptoms.

Prevention

To prevent migraine symptoms, one must adapt to a different lifestyle pattern. There are several instances in which healthy habits and nonmedical terms have treated the problem of migraine before they appear.

  1. Exercising or a brisk walk of 40 to 45 minutes are one of the ways that have helped a lot of people to treat migraines.
  2.  Avoid smoking and alcohol
  3. Do not take stress.
  4. Take a good quality of sleep.

By following all these measures one can surely trigger migraine problem and could stop it before it’s appearance.

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